BlueDolphin’s Enterprise Architecture solution allows organizations to … The IRS Online Service Repository captures the list of services and their descriptions contained in the IRS. IT architecture is used to implement an efficient, flexible, and high quality technology solution for a business problem, and is classified into three different categories: enterprise architecture, solution architecture and system architecture. The IRS EA is accessible to IRS employees on the IRS Intranet. The IRS Enterprise context diagram describes interactions between business taxpayers and the IRS and between employers and the IRS; it does not describe interactions between taxpayers and employers. Financial Analysts: support business-case development for the following purposes: To demonstrate alignment of proposed projects (E300 proposed funding request) to the IRS business processes and the Treasury BRM. Each is described in more detail in the following subsection but both pertain to organizing the data needed for the administration of the business of the IRS. A logical data model is a complete account of the data required by an organization or business area. Privacy Requirements Models: The primary purpose of the Privacy Requirements model is to specify privacy requirements for the IRS Enterprise Target Architecture (ETA). Employing a set of comprehensive sources of guidance including the Enterprise Lifecycle (ELC) Methodology, the ConOps Guidance Toolkit, and the supplementary materials available on the IRS EA website. Process flow diagrams that illustrate functions within major processes (shows interrelationships between subprocesses). The Enterprise Standards Profile is applicable to the entire IRS Enterprise. As these are Software Component… The RA allows the user to identify the impact of each planned project release on the current IT production environment (CPE) in terms of newly built business applications, data stores, data interfaces, and infrastructure systems as well as project releases that will modify or permit the retirement of existing systems. Customer Service: provides tax law and compliance assistance, taxpayer education, and taxpayer account, refund, and notice inquiries. Designers: support the following design activities: Ensuring that their project scope is unique and well understood by the project team, key stakeholder and sponsors. through 3.5.6 identify the enterprise’s architecture products and explain their contents from both a row and column perspective. The IRS EA presents programmatic requirements for the IRS Business Systems Modernization Program. Terms in this set (29) Enterprise architecture is made up of three things: Information architecture. A Business Service is a complete business transaction or interaction that the IRS conducts with a customer, partner, or stakeholder. It summarizes the current state of the current production environment, documents challenges and goals for the IRS by business, technical or service domain, includes the defined portfolio of programs and projects for achieving the transition. ArchiMate consists of three components– a language core, which was defined in the version 1.0 of the standard, and some language extensions that appeared later, namely the motivation extension that made possible the specification of motivation models and linked them to enterprise architecture… There are three primary uses supported by the ETB. Future versions of the Business Architecture are expected to provide more complete specification of performance goals. The Change Request (CR) process ensures that all projects adhere to the standards and guidelines set forth in the EA. The IRS EA describes high-level system performance requirements. Twenty years ago, a new field was born that soon came to be known as enterprise architecture. EA Guidance documents include Enterprise Data Standards and Guidelines (EDSG), Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Guidance, .NET Guidance, and Design patterns. Other models of the security view include: Security Considerations of Target Business Processes: Specifies very high-level security requirements for target business processes. Additional legislative requirements include Federal Acquisition Requirements (FAR) regulations. University of Maryland, University College, University of Maryland, University College • IFSM 300, University of Maryland, University College • IFSM 300 6394, Quiz 3 Business Processes and the IT Infrastructure.pdf. Enterprise Architecture, of which the As-Built-Architecture (ABA) is one component, is mandated by a series of federal laws to maintain and report annually to OMB on their respective ABAs. The RA also documents dependencies between different projects and their releases. It can be a tax service or a service that provides a tax product. The Enterprise Technology Blueprint is a living document that is continuously reviewed and updated as appropriate. Relationships between the functions and the data, depicted as objects in UML notation. It comprises the following seven topics: Traceability of data and functional requirements to business processes. In general, the IRS EA presents a multi-layer technology architecture. EA Analysis and Design Element #3: Current Architecture. Business Architects: support the following activities: Business process reengineering activities, and for planning Business Process Redesign Projects to ensure that project designs align with the business vision and supporting high level process designs and business services. Five categories of performance requirements are specified, including Enterprise Workload, Enterprise Response Time, Enterprise Reliability, Maintainability, and Availability Requirements. The Business Process Model includes: Automated and/or manual functions that develop the business processes described in Business Processes. Enterprise Architecture Components: Name: Description: Business Events: A Business Event is an intersection between a business information system and a business function. For example, a business is a taxpayer when it pays its income tax, and a business is an employer when that business withholds taxes from its employees and submits tax-related W-2 information to the IRS. Exempt organization (IRC Section 6104) public disclosure of 527, Taxpayer receives individual assistance with unpaid balance for previous year’s taxes. In addition, the EA provides: Tables of Functions – Systems Allocations, Tables of Data Classes – Databases Allocations, Tables of Service Entities – Systems Allocations, Business Services mapped to Domains and Projects/Sources. There are four architecture domains that are commonly accepted as subsets of an overall Enterprise Architecture, all of which the TOGAF standard is designed to support: The Business Architecture … It is divided into the Glossary defining all terminology and the Acronyms List defines acronyms used in the EA. Decision Makers - Commissioners and governance bodies. The Business Process Model includes: Automated and/or manual functions that develop the business processes described in Business Processes. The external entities are organized hierarchically with top-level entities broken down into second-level and sometimes third-level entities. Criminal Investigation: enforces criminal statutes of the Internal Revenue Code and related statutes. The Enterprise Architecture Requirements initiative include programmatic, security, and privacy requirements. The target architecture supports the fulfillment of the IRS mission and strategic goals by establishing a three to five-year outlook that drives information technology investment decisions based on priorities around modernizing front-line tax administration and supporting technical infrastructure. The following list includes all the Security, Section 508, and Privacy Work Products: Federal Laws and Regulations Applicable to Security, Section 508, and Privacy, Security Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes, Section 508 Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes, Security Categories of ETA Business Processes, Sensitivity Classification of ECDM Data Classes, Traceability of Privacy and Technical Security Requirements to Business Process Security and Privacy Considerations, Crosswalk of NIST SP 800-53 and ETA Security Requirements, Allocation of Security Mechanisms to Systems Components. Role Definitions identify, classify and explain the roles that support the core business of the IRS. It uses EA methods and visualizations to depict the complex interrelationships between the envisioned business capabilities, data, applications and systems, technologies and infrastructure. Enterprise Operations: provides efficient, cost effective, secure, and highly reliable computing services for all IRS business entities and taxpayers. IRS business processes are associated with the specific IRS Location Types at which they are performed in Process / Location Type. The components … The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) is a framework - a detailed method and a set of supporting tools for planning, developing, maintaining and gaining value from an Enterprise Architecture. The Business Architecture comprises the following content areas: Business Services and Processes, including a description of an initial set of Business Services. Security Requirements: Specifies security requirements–particularly, technical (that is, information technology [IT]) security requirements–for the Target Architecture, Traceability of Privacy and Technical Security Requirements to Business Process Security and Privacy Considerations: Traces the security requirements of the previous model to what are called the security considerations of target business processes, Crosswalk of NIST SP 800-53 and ETA Security Requirements: A crosswalk of the Target Architecture technical security requirements and the controls specified in NIST SP 800-53, Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems, Revision 1, Other Models of the Target Architecture Security View. Nancy Seiger Prioritizing various projects and related investments. These definitions establish the enterprise-wide terms, nomenclature, and hierarchical structuring of locations, so that consistent names and meanings are used across the enterprise. Producing an Enterprise-wide solution provides for a high degree of flexibility with regard to implementing evolutionary changes to the operational model with the least amount of disruption to service levels. System complexityâ€”Organizations were spending more and more money building IT systems; and 2. Ensure that projects take advantage of common infrastructure services in order to get maximum return on investment from a shared infrastructure environment, reduce redundant infrastructure, and enhance the use of common security, privacy, services management, and services delivery policies. It is intended as a full planning and implementation lifecycle for use at all levels of scope defined in the Common Approach to Federal Enterprise Architecture: International, National, Federal, Sector, Agency, … Ensuring that their work is integrated with other projects and within the operating units. Primary Stakeholders: IRS information technology management, analysts, and support contractors. (1) This transmits revised IRM 2.15.1, Enterprise Architecture (EA), Enterprise Architecture (EA) Overview. Authoritative data definitions and guidelines. Information returns (bulk file) – one for an account missing a tax return. It also provides information on service definition. Data models of more than a few data classes are organized as a hierarchy of subject areas, each more narrowly defined than the subject area containing it, until they are small enough to allow comprehension of the entire subject area in a diagram or two. The U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is an initiative of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Office of E-Government and IT, that aims to realize the value of enterprise architecture within the U.S. Federal Government from an investment perspective. Taking advantage of new enabling technologies, techniques, and/or new software solutions. The Business Work Products also define the overall direction for the business systems. It illustrates the impacts of transition on the current production environment and highlights system retirements expected to result from modernization efforts. Ensuring that their business results are consistent with the business services offered, business process visions, and supporting high level process designs. In information technology, architecture plays a major role in the aspects of business modernization, IT transformation, software development, as well as other major initiatives within the enterprise. The Target Architecture comprises the Business Architecture, the Systems Architecture, Application Architecture, Data Architecture, Security Architecture and the Technical Architecture. The ETS also provides an organization-wide view of programs and projects across the agency, giving leadership the visibility to use the EA for organization-wide planning. Application Development: delivers integrated software solutions that address the objectives and priorities of the IRS. The core IRS business processes support the strategic goals as described in the Strategic Plan. In addition, EA manages performance, functional, and system management requirements and provides traceability of data and functional requirements to business processes. It is useful for this discussion to define three hierarchically related aspects of strategic planning (see Figure 2.2): 1. Privacy Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes. In its framework for Federal Financial Management Systems, the JFMIP states that “Effective financial management depends upon appropriate control of business transactions, in accordance with internal control standards, and recording business event information in a manner that satisfies multiple users and uses. Consolidating or standardizing similar processes and services – as appropriate. These are then used to develop a set of abstract systems, which in turn define a set of conceptual target-state applications that manage enterprise data on enterprise-approved technology platforms. STM identifies, approves, and manages the technology products, service contracts (including cloud), and standards that define the business initiatives affecting IT. This discussion supplies guidance regarding: Mechanisms deployed to provide ESM core functions. Audience: (1). This information is critical for integrated portfolio planning and project sequencing. The three top-level areas are: Transaction Data. Enterprise Continuum Architecture Partitioning Architecture Repository Tools for Architecture Development Foundation Architecture: Technical Reference Model Integrated Information … Unified Architecture Framework (UAF) -- which is a complex but flexible enterprise architecture … Table 8 enumerates and describes each of the components. Reporting compliance (remote assistance) requiring an exam. This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 7 pages. Business drivers defined in the business architecture lead to the elaboration of functional and technical requirements. The EA describes linkages between every Tax Administration Services, Support Delivery of Services and Internal Management of IRS Resources business process as defined in the End-to-End Business Process Views. The following processing threads are discussed in the corresponding section in EA: Balance-due tax return with subsequent installment agreement and default. Further, the ETB is regularly socialized through briefings, and these sessions provide a forum for stakeholders to provide feedback. It identifies emerging technology trends and their potential applicability to different IRS business functions, enabling different stakeholders to identify potential technology opportunities in support of business needs. Enterprise Transition Architecture and its sub-components including Enterprise Transition Strategy, Release Architecture and Enterprise-wide Sequencing Plan. The Security, Section 508, and Privacy Work Products are a subset of the Systems Architecture work products. The Enterprise-Wide Sequencing Plan (EWSP) provides an evolving view of programs and projects and graphically depicts their relationships and impacts across the enterprise. A business … Enterprise architecture consists of the following. These segments, or business domains, reflect a purely functional rather than organizational view of the business, and ensure that business priorities remain the focus of IRS IT investments. An organization’s ConOps is typically a key driver of changes to any of the six domains of change – organization, location, business process, data, applications and/or technology. Cybersecurity: ensures compliance with federal statutory, legislative, and regulatory requirements governing confidentiality, integrity, and availability of IRS electronic systems, services, and data in accordance with FISMA. A relational database hosting Appian internal data and metadata, plus any additional relational databases hosting Appian business data. These key concepts are: The enterprise context diagram profiles the business environment in which the IRS operates. planning and implementing enterprise analysis to successfully execute on business strategies Achieving balance and alignment within the IT project portfolio. The second one named ﬁObject Repositoryﬂ, which … Which of the following is the unique identifying address for every, Put in order the steps of the process associated with a course. This will lead to expansion and refinement of the performance requirements specified herein, and may result in replacement of some of the requirements based on supplemental sources. While the business architecture covers concepts related to business process, organization, and location, the technical architecture covers concepts and strategies related to data, applications, and technology. Traceability of Privacy and Technical Security Requirements to Business Process Security & Privacy Considerations. It describes the external entities with which the IRS interacts. The IRS EA Information Dictionary is located within the Glossary of IRS Business Terminology. Figure 1-8: Examples of EA Components. Business Concepts of Operations refers to the framework organizations use to plan out and reach their target state in all domains of change, including organization and location, as well as business process, data, applications and technology. Outline potential areas of process change. To demonstrate alignment and support of the FEA Performance Reference Model. They provide the basis for the realization of the IRS’ future vision by helping business owners and program developers ensure that proposed systems and other initiatives are approved, resourced, and integrated into the IRS enterprise. The Location Model View consists of Location Type Definitions which identify and classify all of the distinct types of locations where the IRS conducts business (directly or indirectly) or where critical functions are performed. The System Design items provides a high-level description of the design of the systems needed to satisfy the functional, performance, security and privacy, and system management requirements detailed in the System Requirements . The Enterprise Systems Management (ESM) Requirements exist primarily because systems and networks are not currently self-healing. Process definitions that provide a robust description of processes and sub-processes, including key activities, data inputs and outputs, and security and privacy considerations. This enables high-level impact assessment of investment decisions. The processing threads consider aspects of processing tax returns and payments, initiating compliance actions, and providing customer support and taxpayer education. The EA provides business scenarios that demonstrate how selected business processes contained in the EA support key business events. In addition to that model, EA specifies security requirements for traceability of Privacy and Technical Security Requirements to Business Process Security and Privacy Considerations and the crosswalk of NIST SP 800-53 and ETA Security Requirements. This enables high-level impact assessment of investment decisions and programmatic changes on the overall plans for moving toward the target EA. The Enterprise Transition Strategy (ETS) describes the overall IRS vision and strategy, and how existing and proposed investments align to it. Builders/Architects - EA Program, IRS developers, and contractor developers. Sensitivity Classification of ECDM Data Classes: Identifies the sensitivity classification of each of the data classes of the Enterprise Conceptual Data Model (ECDM). All IRS organizations that own or manage IT applications in the CPE are required to provide updates to the EA organization so that the ABA remains updated and is as complete as possible in order to answer external data calls for application-related information. The description is divided into following set of document segments, which are defined according to the IRS layers and interfaces: The IRS EA provides an overview of the Technical Architecture from the perspective of the three technical views in the Enterprise Lifecycle (ELC) methodology. Taken as a whole, these Work Products define the measures necessary to protect sensitive IRS assets, including taxpayer information. (1) All of the existing content, last updated in 2009, has been revised and replaced. The ESP focuses on the functionality of standards and approved products. The purpose of the Role Definitions section is to identify and classify roles that support the core business of the IRS; it is not intended to be an exhaustive list of roles. Functions that are organized primarily by the business areas described in Business Processes. Data resources and technologies, including metadata and XML. The software components described above are of no use without people to author the data, maintain the services, and use the services. The data the IRS receives and works with in its day-to-day processing of individual transactions. Coordinating and optimizing key business operations and services across the organization. The Enterprise Conceptual Data Model (ECDM) is a high-level view of non-transient data needed for the administration of the business of the IRS. reusable set of well-defined functionality that encapsulates its implementation and exporting it as a higher-level interface In general, the IRS’ Enterprise context diagram does not describe interactions among the multiple roles of organizations unless those interactions are applicable to IRS business. Therefore, they have been supplemented by information from sources such as the tax statistics area of http://www.irs.gov. Filing and Payment Compliance: includes collecting delinquent tax obligations and securing delinquent tax returns. (Each mechanism corresponds to one or more security requirements specified in the Security Requirements model). In the IRS EA, logical systems are defined across the Enterprise. EAM translates the enterprise vision into venture and takes the enterprise … The field initially began to address two problems: 1. User and Network Services: delivers premier IT products and services to the IRS, provides a single point of contact for requesting MITS products and services; supports the desktop environment as well as inventory management, workstation software integration, data security. The EA Guidance document provides guidance and practical reference for developers who are developing applications in compliance with the IRS Enterprise Architecture (EA). It is understood that no single tool will likely be capable of performing all ESM functions for all platforms and components. Focus on the future state defined as five years out and beyond. A logical data model takes the conceptual model down a level of detail to the concerns of technical staff rather than the business users. Matrices showing the relationship of processes to the organizations where the work is done, the roles that perform the work, and the location types where the work is accomplished. Common Business Services: includes capabilities that are applicable across business domains and systems, such as case management, workflow management, and document and image management. Internal Management: manages IRS human capital and financial accounting. The vision and strategy framework is built on the functional segmentation of the IRS, representing the core mission business functions that directly relate to front-line tax administration. The ETS summarizes the current state of the current production environment, documents challenges and goals for the IRS by business, technical or service domain, includes the defined portfolio of programs and projects for achieving the transition. Provides a high level overview of architecture and components, including Bot Creator, Bot Runner and Enterprise Control Room. The focus of the Technical Services Domain is the delivery of base products and services (shared resources that can be used on demand by many different applications) that affect the development, operations, and maintenance costs of systems; the time necessary to develop and deploy new or revised capabilities; the flexibility and capability to resource-development efforts; and the effective operational performance of these systems and their ability to provide the desired business results. Unless excepted, these standards apply to all Information systems and products including Development, Procurement, Maintenance, and Official Communication. Security Considerations of Target Architecture Business Processes. The key standards component is the Enterprise Standards Profile (ESP) database. To demonstrate alignment of major IT investments with the FEA Service Component Reference Model (SRM). 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