Zoysia is a suitable lawngrass for all areas of Florida, and it's typically planted using sod or plugs. Empire Zoysia®is being planted in numerous communities in Florida and seems to do well in many areas throughout the state; however, it is susceptible to large (brown) patch disease. A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner’s lawn cares. It is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia . Periodic control of one or more of these problems will be necessary to grow a high quality … The fine texture of this grass is attributed to the latter, whereas its growth pattern and tolerance to cold is attributed to the former. This can get pricey. The disease is hard to control once it takes hold, although using a fungicide on healthy grass can keep patches from spreading. White grubs, chinch bugs and billbugs are the most common and damaging inspect pests in zoysia grass. Below, we have created a list of the common grasses that Zoysia will take over. It does not kill the Bermuda; however, it does retard its growth while the zoysia get a better hold. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). They require about the same amount of water as other grasses to remain green and healthy, but may need less fertilizer. Zoysia grass is also prone to thatch problems, therefore routine annual de-thatching and aerification are required. Although it is relatively free from most diseases and pests, the most common Zoysia grass issue is large patch fungus—called Zoysia Patch in Zoysia … This buildup forms just above the soil line. Zoysia Grass Problems. Thus, most people who choose zoysia grass must plant it in plugs or sod during the summer months. Emerald zoysia offers fine-textured, densely growing leaves, better cold-hardiness and more shade tolerance than other zoysia cultivars. When zoysia grass greens up, these patches are less noticeable. So Brokers Quality Turf Grass is where I buy a ton of my grass. There is a reason you can plant sods and you do not have to seed the lawn and it’s because zoysia grass has the tendency to crowd out other grass species in the lawn. There are a few disadvantages, including a slow growth rate and a tendency to produce thatch. In northern and north central areas of Florida, Zoysia grasses will typically go dormant in the winter. To treat outbreaks, use a core-type aerator to allow water, air and nutrients to penetrate the soil. The timing causes problems for some, but ignoring it causes bigger problems for zoysia lawns. Prevention includes keeping mowers, sprinklers and other yard equipment clean and avoiding nitrogen soil depletion and overwatering. The only think I have found is Acclaim by Bayer. It got its name because of the symptomatic bleached silver dollar-shaped rings, although irregular spots and larger areas also occur. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions. Caterpillars injure grass by chewing notches along the leaves, creating a ragged appearance. Common Pests Of Zoysia Grass Nematodes, mole and crickets are most problematic in the south along with grubs and billbugs in the rest of the growing areas. Causes include low potassium or excess nitrogen in the soil or using phenoxy herbicides. Most active from April through November in north Florida, but may occur year- round in south Florida. Zoysia lawns are tolerant of drought, wear, salt and a variety of soil conditions ranging from sand to clay. (dormant) zoysia grass lawn. The maintenance of zoysia differs from other grasses used in Florida lawns. web worm or army worm) and African black beetle- apply suitable pesticides according to directions. Avoid over-mowing and raise cutting heights during hot, dry weather, and use a soil test kit to keep soil nutrients in balance. Zoysia is a tolerant lawn grass, but it takes some care if you want to maximize its potential. Asked October 10, 2015, 3:02 PM EDT. Here in the Midwest, zoysia seed has a difficult time establishing because of our cool soil temperatures. She has written for various newspapers and magazines including "The Washington Times" and "Woman's World." While raking can sometimes alleviate the problem, regular mowing helps to … Is Bleach Good for Fungus in Zoysia Grass? University of Missouri Division of Plant Sciences: Issues with Zoysiagrass Lawns, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension: Zoysiagrass, Alabama Cooperative Extension System: Leaf Spot and Rust Diseases of Turfgrasses, University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences: Zoysiagrass Lawns. Unfortunately, fungicides aren't often effective and should be a last resort. Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. Zoysia is a warm-season grass that also thrives in most of the transition zone. Soil-borne microscopic worms called nematodes may also affect zoysia lawns. UF/IFAS Publications I live in north Atlanta and planted some empire zoysia plugs in my bermuda lawn about 2 months ago. Fertilization and Irrigation Developed in Georgia in the 1950s, it is a hybrid of Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. It provides a dense, attractive turf. The reason you can plant plugs and not have to seed the lawn is because zoysia grass will crowd out all other … If these problems occur we recommend the following: Pests - watch for the lawn grub (e.g. Dollar Spot, Rust and Brown Patch are some of the most common diseases that could damage the Zoysia grass. Like CitraBlue and Palmetto St. Augustine—which we talk about a little farther down in this article—EMPIRE has a very dense canopy. Check with your local extension service or nursery about optimum soil conditions and recommended fungicide products. Empire Zoysia is very resistant to pests, weeds and fungi compared to most other grass varieties, but as with any natural product, occasional problems can occur. Zoysia Overview Zoysia is an Asian grass that’s been in America for over 100 years. This makes it a popular choice for many homeowners. Control outbreaks with frequent mowing until symptoms disappear, and discard or compost diseased clippings. It may even go as far as entering your neighbour’s lawn or even your flower bed. Empire zoysia -- a patented variety of zoysia grass developed for its blue-green color, durability and texture -- requires less fertilizer and water than St. Augustine or Bermuda grasses. Zoysia is a … The sod provided by zoysia is very dense and resistant to weeds, but some pests can cause problems. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. It is watered 2x per week in the early morning. One of the most common zoysia grass problems is the buildup of thatch, which is caused from undecomposed organic matter. Apply fertilizer on a bi-monthly basis throughout the growing season. It's dark green, and shorter and finer textured than St. Augustinegrass. However, when the grass is going into or out of the dormant state, the turf may appear mottled with green and brown patches. Overtime, we have researched exactly which types our customers are working with to determine if Zoysia is able to overtake their lawns. Versatile zoysia grasses are used as a home landscape grass and on golf courses, parks and athletic fields. Whether Zoysia is right for you depends on where you live, your lawn care goals, and how you use your lawn. Bonnie Singleton has been writing professionally since 1996. Zoysia is a type of lawngrass becoming more popular in Florida lawns. They require about the same amount of water as other grasses to remain green and healthy, but may need less fertilizer. Zoysia has shown good results with alternating conventional mowing and vertical mowing. The Best Zoysia Grass for Low Maintenance in Florida. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. Zoysia is a suitable lawngrass for all areas of Florida, and it's typically planted using sod or plugs. It’s a warm-season grass with impressive cold tolerance, which […] Thatch. Leaf rust is a lesser problem. There are a few disadvantages, including a slow growth rate and a tendency to produce thatch. When completely dormant, the turf will appear uniformly brown. These grasses grow more slowly and at a lower height than other southern lawngrasses, giving them a thicker, more manicured look. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove any dead material left from winter dor… Rusts are caused by fungi in the genus Puccinia and peak on zoysia grass in May and again in July. Because Zoysia is a spreading grass, it is known to overtake other grasses and weeds in all types of soil conditions. Bahia Grass. Tropical sod webworm larvae feed on all warm-season turfgrasses. To help prevent outbreaks, avoid using nitrogen fertilizers in the fall or spring and provide adequate lawn drainage. Zoysia grass is a drought-resistant warm-season grass. Zoysia is the turf of choice for salty, coastal soils or areas near salted roadways. 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