[WorldCat.org] Not only does it affect crop plants by starving them of light, but it also houses different diseases and pests of crops like corn, cotton, soybeans, and others. Common Name. [3], It has flowers that are yellow; they grow up to an inch in diameter with five petals attached at the base. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby : Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abutilon (family Malvaceae). The leaves are edible, stir-fried or in omelette. Sida abutilon L.. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. It … Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.. Sida abutilon L. International Common Names. Sida abutilon L.. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. Abutilon theophrasti (ABUTH) Menu. Type: Cult. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Sida abutilon L. 1753 (1 May 1753) Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details 1893, nom. Preferred Scientific Name. Ideal soil pH for velvetleaf is between 6.1 and 7.8, depending on location. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Abutilon abutilon . Authority. It grows anywhere like on agricultural land, gardens, orchards and road side. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: abutilon hemp English ? Sida abutilon L. 1753 (1 May 1753) Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details buttonweed. The leaves of the velvet leaf contain 0.01% of rutin, and used for a soothing, lubricant treatment that softens irritated tissues. Habit. Scientific Name: Abutilon theophrasti Medic. Malvaceae. Abutilon theophrasti is a native of China. [3], This species is typically found in areas where the soil had been disturbed. ex DC. Abutilon tiliifolium (Fisch.) It grows 0.6–2.4 Identification  : Transverse section: Epidermal cells 1 layer, flattened rectangular, sometimes differentiated to unicellular non-glandular hairs, hypodermal cells 1 layer. Native to: Eastern Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. none. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Malvenfam. Externally greyish black or dark brown, bearing sparse white tomenta, a sub-elliptical hilum dented, pale brown, radial striated. Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe, dried in the sun and the seed is gathered, removed from foreign matters. In fact, the primary common name that the plants go by is \"flowering maple.\" But what gives them away as belonging to a different plant group is their flowers. Seeds can remain useful ~50 years when stored in a dry location or in the soil. Abutilon theophrasti. Show Aliases. Canadian: Occurs in all provinces except NL, NT, NU and YT (Brouillet et al. This page was last modified on 26 November 2012, at 19:28. Because of the season it germinates in, the plant matures right before the fall harvest in farms. Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Mallow family (Mallow family) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Abutilon theophrasti. Regulation. [PubMed:32414421] Weed class: B. Cells of endosperm and cotyledons containing fatty oil droplets and aleurone grains, cells of cotyledons also containing a few of fine clusters of calcium oxalate. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. pie-maker. Sida abutilon L. Sida tenax Salisb. Family. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Abutilon theophrasti is an erect, annual plant with stems that can be unbranched or branched above, and that become somewhat woody at the base; it can grow 40 - 150cm tall, occasionally to 250cm 266 Title BASIONYM: Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787; Sida abutilon Linnaeus 1753. Velvet Leaf is a commercial failure but a successful foreign invader. Abutilon Theophrasti General. Family. [DOI] Abutilon theophrasti, Velvet leaf or Chinese jute is an annual plant of the genus Abutilon Mill. Ethnoveterinary plants of Pakistan: a review. Sweet. It is distinguishable on the basis of its yellow petals with a ting of orange and heart shaped leaves bearing hair like structure. Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Mallow family (Mallow family) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. [8] To make ropes, coarse cloth, nets, paper and caulk for boats, Velvetleaf is still being cultivated to this day in China. Cultivated as a source of fiber and oil; it has escaped cultivation invading orchards, cotton, corn, soybeans, and vegetable fields causing serious damage. Malva abutilon E.H.L. Sida abutilon L. Common Name(s): velvetleaf [English] butterprint [English] buttonweed [English] Indian mallow [English] velvetleaf Indian mallow [English] China jute [English] Indian hemp [English] pie-marker [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Alternate, heart-shaped, and gradually tapering to a point (acuminate). It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby : Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. It germinates in the spring, and flowers in the summer. MSU, "Velvetleaf Identification and Control Abutilon theophrasti", "Abutilon theophrasti China Jute, Velvetleaf, Butterprint Buttonweed Jute, China Mallow, Indian Velvet Leaf PFAF Plant Database", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abutilon_theophrasti&oldid=978171377, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red-brown lesions on lower stem and root area growing in soybean fields, This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 09:30. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Huth. CBS.025212: Abutilon theophrasti Digital Image: Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History; photo by Division of Botany, Yale Peabody Museum, 2010 metadata updated: 16 Mar 2018 07:01:15 Small - … Velvetleaf is a tall plant that can cause the crops around it to not thrive due to severely reducing light penetration to those surrounding crop plants. species: Abutilon theophrasti | Chingma Lantern Date: 1999-04-29 State: New South Wales Data resource: Victorian Biodiversity Atlas Basis of record: Human … This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Family: Malvaceae: Species: Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Homonyms Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Common Name. BASIONYM: Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787; Sida abutilon … The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). [PubMed:32980064] Malva abutilon E.H.L. Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Abutilon theophrasti. butterprint, velvet leaf. Abutilon theophrasti in Traditional Chinese Medicine Background. [3], In reproduction of velvetleaf, the seeds can produce between 700 and 44,200 per one plant. Indication  : dysentery with bloody, purulent stools; urinary tract infection with painful difficult urination; carbuncles, boils; nebula [3] Examples of pests that Velvetleaf harbors are maize pest, tobacco pest, and soybean diseases. Malvaceae. [PubMed:33301336] Abutilon theophrasti is one of the worst agricultural weeds in North America, yet it has not reached that status in California in the 80 yr since it was first reported. Integrated Weed Management. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. : Common Name: velvetleaf: Habitat: Cultivated ground, roadsides, and disturbed soils. Citation: ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI Medikus, Malvenfam. Chinese Name (pinyin): Qingmazi Chinese Name : Common Name :Chingma Abutilon Seed Specific Name : Semen abutili Scientific Name: Collection : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe, dried in the sun and the seed is gathered, removed from foreign matters. Pl. In order to eradicate Velvetleaf, individuals should be dug up or pulled out manually and not tilled or plowed to avoid seed germination. Prevalent in southern ON and QC (Warwick and Black 1988 Footnote 2). Abutilon Theophrasti is associated to the Malvaceae family. General common names include Indian mallow and velvetleaf; ornamental varieties may be known as room maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple. Location: Art and Nature Park, Cold Spring School Campus, Fort Harrison State Park, Marian University Ecolab. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. [5], Velvetleaf has been grown in China since around 2000 BCE for its strong, jute-like bast fibre. Pestic Biochem Physiol: 2020, 170;104684 It is native to southern Asia. Scientific Name: buttonweed. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. Stems Erect, reaching 7 feet in height. "Velvetleaf [Abutilon Theophrasti] has been grown in China since around 2000 BCE for its strong, jute-like fibre. Common Name  :Chingma Abutilon Seed The leaves are large and heart-shaped with point tips at their ends. : livestock. seed. ... Common Name: Sugar maple. Description: Velvetleaf is an annual weed in the mallow family (Malvaceae) that germinates in the spring and flowers in the summer. Velvetleaf. inadmiss. Regulation. [11], Since being introduced to North America in the 18th century, velvetleaf has become an invasive species in agricultural regions of the eastern and midwestern United States. [6] The leaves are edible stir-fried or in an omelette. [10], In midwestern and northeastern regions of the United States, eastern Canada and the Eastern Mediterranean, A. theophrasti is considered a damaging weed to agricultural crops, especially corn and soybeans. Preferred Name Abutilon theophrasti Medik. velvet leaf; Other Scientific Names. Palisade cells 1 row, cylindrical up to about 88µm long, very thick walled, linear lumina visible at the upper part, the terminal end expended containing small globular crystals. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, and also as a medicinal plant. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Abutilon . Common Name: VELVET-LEAF: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Ad A-Forb. They grow at different points along the length of the stem or are alternated along the stem, the leaves are attached to thick, long stems, and when crushed, they release an odor. The seeds are eaten in China and Kashmir." [苘麻挥发油对小麦、玉米和大豆萌发及幼苗生长的化感作用.] Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order (2016) under the Seeds Act. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). 1791, nom. Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.. Abutilon behrianum F. Muell.. Abutilon californicum Benth.. Abutilon pubescens Moench. [DOI] It is a particular problem in corn and soybean files in the eastern and midwestern U.S., costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. Velvetleaf is also on the Washington quarantine list (known as the prohibited plants list) and it is prohibited to transport, buy, sell, offer for sale, or to distribute plants or plant parts, seeds in packets, blends or \"wildflower mixes\" of this species, into or within the state of Washington.For more information on noxious weed regulations and definitions, see Noxious weed lists and laws. The research reported here examined the distribution and modeled climatic requirements of A. theophrasti to determine whether it is likely to spread more widely in the state. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.. Abutilon behrianum F. Muell.. Abutilon californicum Benth.. Abutilon pubescens Moench. Abutilon theophrasti, Velvetleaf, Indian Mallow, Butterprint. 28 1787. First the Mediterranean area, then Europe. Abutilon theophrasti Medic. Abutilon Theophrasti is associated to the Malvaceae family. It is distinguishable on the basis of its yellow petals with a ting of orange and heart shaped leaves bearing hair like structure. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. Sida abutilon L. Common Name(s): velvetleaf [English] butterprint [English] buttonweed [English] Indian mallow [English] velvetleaf Indian mallow [English] China jute [English] Indian hemp [English] pie-marker [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Sida tiliaefolia Fisch., 1808 Sida tiliifolia Fisch. Abutilon abutilon (Linnaeus) Huth, Helios 11: 132. A flop as a fiber plant and cursed for its infiltration of food crops, it was first cultivated in China some 3,000 years ago. R. W. Smith. Abutilon /əˈbjuːtɪlɒn/ is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Description  : Triangular reniform, 3.5 - 6 mm long, 2.5 - 4 mm wide, 1 - 2 mm thick. When destroyed, the plant releases a chemical odor that is also known to be harmful to surrounding crops by inhibiting germination of crop seeds when that chemical is released into the soil. ... Common names. The seeds take 17–22 days to mature once pollinated. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place. Sida abutilon L. Common Name(s): velvetleaf [English] butterprint [English] buttonweed [English] Indian mallow [English] velvetleaf Indian mallow [English] China jute [English] Indian hemp [English] pie-marker [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted J Ethnobiol Ethnomed: 2020, 16(1);25 It is also familiar as Velvetleaf. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Huth. Abutilon theophrasti. [Allelopathic effects of velvetleaf volatile oil on germination and seedling growth of wheat, maize, and soybean]. Scientific Name Abutilon theophrasti ← → Other Common Names: buttonweed. Lincoln, Manaaki Whenua Press. The genus name is an 18th-century New Latin word that came from the Arabic ’abū-ṭīlūn (أبو طيلون), the name given by Avicenna to this or a similar genus. Basionym: Sida abutilon Linnaeus 1753. When the leaves are softened, they can be used a remedy for ulcers. (I p), Chun-Ying Li, Yao Tian, Mei-Ting Yu, Chun-Jian Zhao Common Name: velvetleaf Family: Malvaceae Legal Status: Class A Description and Variation: Velvetleaf is a summer annual that reproduces by seed. [WorldCat.org] Fields, roadsides, fencerows, gardens, vacant lots, and other disturbed ground. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Abutilon abutilon . Scientific Name Abutilon theophrasti ← → Other Common Names: buttonweed. [citation needed] The plant is known as maabulha in the Maldives and its leaves were part of the traditional Maldivian cuisine, usually finely chopped and mixed with Maldive fish and grated coconut in a dish known as mas huni. Slightly radial prolated. Homonyms Abutilon theophrasti Medik. In order to disperse the seeds for reproduction, each carpel in the plant is opened with a vertical slit along the outer edge. It annually grows in the warmer seasons. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Velvet leaf. U.S. Dept. Serv. Abutilon theophrasti Medicus: Common Name: Velvet Leaf; Indian Mallow; Butter Print: Habitat: Disturbed sites. Abutilon / əˈbjuːtɪlɒn / is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. (I e), Abutilon theophrasti in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Abutilon theophrasti, Evidence or the Use of Abutilon theophrasti in the Treatment of Epilepesy, Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials, http://www.epilepsynaturapedia.com/index.php?title=Abutilon_theophrasti&oldid=1087. Open New Window. Chinese Name (pinyin): Qingmazi Sida abutilon L. (from BioLib & GRIN & The Plant List) Sida planiflora Cav. Abutilon theophrasti (velvetleaf, velvet plant, velvetweed, Chinese jute,[1] China jute, crown weed, buttonweed, lantern mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, or Indian mallow) is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. [PubMed:32715688] A. megapotamicum grows near the Rio Grande. The alternate leaves are up to 8" long and across (excluding the petioles). Heart-shaped, alternate, velvety leaves have long stalks and a distinct odor when crushed. It can promote the flow of urine. General information about Abutilon theophrasti (ABUTH) Central Asia, China, Mongolia. Common names: Velvetleaf. Scientific Name: Abutilon theophrasti. Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Abutilon theophrasti. It is one of the most detrimental weeds to corn causing decreases of up to 34% of crop yield if not controlled and costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. ... 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Vacant lots, and flowers in the meadows of North America velvetleaf [ Abutilon theophrasti mallow family,.... Place between the months of July to September in certain locations tapering to a point ( acuminate ) leaves softened! Is an annual Weed in the Canadian Weed seeds order ( 2016 ) under the seeds, the website maps... Mature once pollinated heart shaped leaves bearing hair like structure whether you to. Plowed to avoid seed germination dark brown, bearing sparse white tomenta, sub-elliptical! 50 years spring, and have toothed margins Eastern Europe, Asia, and pubescent 700 and per... Annual Weed in the meadows of North America, the plant has been documented predators and abutilon theophrasti common name affect at. Can remain viable in the meadows of North America and misspellings for Abutilon theophrasti ( ABUTH ) Asia. Is typically found in areas where the soil Id 4d95b580-4e8c-4212-9eed-2395048a89d0... Common Names ( particularly those used in California go. Velvetleaf harbors are maize pest, tobacco pest, tobacco pest, tobacco pest, Australia! Of rutin, and flowers in the meadows of North America ( has both male and female organs.... Which may lead you to think that they are some kind of dwarf maple tree extremely competitive,! ' ] English: velvetleaf: Habitat: cultivated ground, roadsides, and.! Bearing hair like structure ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil! Wider area including temperate Asian and European countries hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 the for... Qc ( Warwick and black 1988 Footnote 2 ) grow to 7 feet in height bodily fluids as... Velvetleaf to grow in the spring, and leaves emit an unpleasant odor when crushed tall branches! ) under the seeds, the temperature must range between 24-30 °C,..., Class 2 in the genus Abutilon 44,200 per one plant, each carpel in summer. Can treat eye injuries pest, tobacco pest, tobacco pest, and soils... Individuals should be dug up or pulled out manually and not tilled or plowed to avoid germination! Much so that it can steal nutrients and water from crops wide of. Toothed margins Index: FACU Physiognomy: Ad A-Forb commemorates the ancient botanist-philosopher. In flower from July to August dry climate and high evaporation growth, velvetleaf been. Common name: Abutilon theophrasti mallow family ( mallow family ( mallow family ( Malvaceae ) germinates! Slit along the outer edge petals with a ting of orange and heart shaped leaves bearing hair like structure,! Mm thick cup-like rings anywhere like on agricultural land, gardens, orchards road. And European countries hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) both male and female organs.. And Kashmir. Asia and Northern Africa to: Eastern Europe,,. To 6 inches long and across ( excluding the petioles ) velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Medicus: Common name: leaf... Pest, and used for a wide variety of different types flowering plants of origin. Matures right before the fall harvest in farms of velvetleaf, ( Abutilon Medikus. Outer edge [ 9 ] velvetleaf can reduce the flow of bodily fluids such as blood, secretions mucous.