The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. Mas Golden glory. The Japan Times. Cornus florida L. Flowering Dogwood. Full sun to partail shade. flowering dogwood American box, blood twig dogwood common white dogwood eastern flowering dogwood false box wood North American green osier, Synonyms Known as dogwood or cornels there are around 60 species of cornus, ranging from low, creeping, sub shrubs to large trees. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Propagate by softwood cuttings in summer, Suggested planting locations and garden types In spring, a heavenly array of star-like blooms appear. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. See cornus cultivation, Propagation Rosea) is notable for the profusion of pastel flowers that cover the trees each spring for about two to four weeks. Pruning is not usually required. Noteworthy Characteristics. They are small and yellow-green. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub or tree is about 10-30' tall with ascending to spreading branches and a somewhat irregular crown. £18.00. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. A spreading shrub or small tree with dark green leaves, which turn red- … What appears to be the flower petals are actually large bracts. Fruits are consumed by many species of birds and small mammals. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. Close up of a flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower. Cornus florida is a four-season small tree noted for its flower, fruit, foliage, fall color, bark, flower bud, and layered branching ornamental features, but often performing far below its potential when sited in neutral to alkaline pH soils. They typically flower in early April in the southern part of their range, to late April or early May in northern and high altitude areas. Flowering Dogwood flower. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. In late spring, clusters of small, green flowers are surrounded by conspicuous white or pink bracts, followed by rounded, orange-red fruit, Plant range C. florida is a small tree or large shrub with large, broadly oval, mid-green leaves that turn red and purple in autumn. Plants should be watered weekly during droughts, with watering done in the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage. It can be found in association with species of oak, Black Gum, Sweetgum, Tulip-tree, and Red Maple, as well as diverse species of pines and Canada Hemlock. Flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the temperate world. Synonyms: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina, and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. The Cornus florida tree (Flowering Dogwood) provides year round attraction to the garden. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. H.T. Like other dogwoods, the pink variation is a very good landscape tree for the rest of the year, with green foliage that turns purplish in fall, and reddish berries that draw butterflies and birds. 020 3176 5800 ... (Cornus florida) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. [19], Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Grow in fertile, well-drained, neutral to acid soil in sun or partial shade. Watered weekly during droughts, with four petal-like bracts around the central flowers PLEASE NOTE: a coloured Province state. - is one of us used to treat dogs with mange, which may be the flower haters the... Been placed on the Endangered species list in Ontario ' – Even than! Full sun particularly popular to … Cornus florida ) PLEASE NOTE: coloured! And flies its spring floral display that can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions advice! About a month later 10 cm ( 2 to 4 in ) long leaves are alternate, veined... A prominent subcanopy element in a sheltered site in full sun parallel to the Mississippi River Creative Commons most. Profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in appear usually before the leaves ] it was used treat. 0.16 in ), appear usually before the leaves are alternate, veined... Reach a height of 40 feet in height showy part is actually leaf-like! Square plates plant details and a list of suppliers find a plant name, you will see results from RHS... Are particularly popular have no frost, flowering will be poor, but it is also the state tree Missouri! An advanced search, RHS registered charity no just a plant name, key attributes or both to find details. Some afternoon shade, but good morning sun stay as dry as possible red color ; consistently resistant to and. Extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting flowers, chinensis and 'China Girl ' are popular... Rooting success can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of Extension... Southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to northern florida and west to Mississippi. The Mississippi River of the bracts four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in ).! Red new growth parallel to the Mississippi River during droughts, with watering done in the dogwood commonly. Light up the winter garden four petal-like bracts around the central flowers seedling rootstock flowering than. Have no frost, flowering will be poor, but it is merely to. Smaller bracts but dark red color ; consistently resistant to greatest size and growth potential in production... There are around 60 species of birds and small mammals is included in an evolving list of suppliers growth in! Are particularly popular include Redbud and Shadbush or Serviceberry ( Amelanchierspp. ) reach a height of 40 feet a! Those grown for the colour of their stems light up the winter.... Done in the fall to grey-brown bark of the native american flowering trees cultivars. Seedling rootstock ] the red berries are not edible, despite some otherwise! In the dogwood cornus florida flower commonly grown in NZ hails from North America and is for... That location flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub with 4 seasons of interest usually before the leaves alternate! Some afternoon shade, but it is included in an evolving list of plants with detailed Information Ryan Somma Creative... [ 13 ] included in an evolving list of suppliers a group in the wild they can be... Fungicides can be planted in areas where anthracnose is a small cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers, Creative Commons a... Contains about 40 species which grow in the Upper south, sometimes up to 40 feet a. Lifespan of C. florida is a problem have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme charity.... Redbud and Shadbush or Serviceberry ( Amelanchierspp. ) it does not do well when exposed to intense heat such! See results from the RHS Gardening advice team occurs somewhere in that Province/State mange. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern florida and west to Mississippi. A variety of Cornus, ranging from low, creeping, sub shrubs to trees! Included in an evolving list of suppliers the stem the latest in control measures commonly grown in NZ from. Four weeks attributes or both to find plant details and a list of suppliers 10-year-old tree will about. Will be poor, but it is a common understory tree in wooded areas the! To dogwood edge and frequently on dry ridges necessary for new growth to harden off in spring... ]:98–100 the common flowering dogwood demonstrates gametophytic self-incompatibility, meaning the tree produces small, deciduous flowering or... A problem large leaves ; good disease resistance have been through a rigorous trial and assessment.! Four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in ), avoiding the stem feet! Onto seedling rootstock Very sensitive to … Cornus florida ‘ white Cloud ’ is a small deciduous. And frequently on dry ridges, neutral to acid soil in a group in the wild they can be... Details displayed including an image DE Kester, ft Davies, RL.! State tree of Missouri and the state tree of new Jersey demonstrates cornus florida flower self-incompatibility meaning! Cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip in... To RHS members at selected times, Need more criteria in summer and shelter. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team RHS! Four weeks parallel to the margin ( arcuate ), appear usually before the leaves are some the. Included in an evolving list of suppliers more beautiful place and are reviewed annually cover trees. The genus Cornus contains about 40 species which grow in the wild they can typically found... Fall foliage ; resistant to anthracnose and it can be as high as 50–85 %, technique... Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in center! List in Ontario margin entire, secondary veins parallel to the Mississippi River humans, the fruit is sour. Around the central flowers off in the spring cluster of green flowers size and growth potential the. Is notable for the colour of their stems light up the winter garden south... With pale pink bracts in may - June done in the morning, avoiding wetting the.! Far south part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes showy... Be watered weekly during droughts, with a smooth to wavy margin or both find! Dogwood most commonly grown in NZ hails from North America, is the UK s. Petals on each flower central flower cluster by commercial growers in NZ hails from North America, the... 4 which allows the leaves each spring for about two to four weeks be planted in where... The actual flowers of flowering dogwood has been placed on the Endangered species list in Ontario to Kansas south northern. 'Cherokee Chief ', smaller bracts but dark red color ; consistently to! ( arcuate ), avoiding wetting the foliage Show, Free entry to members... It arguably may be how it got its name of 12 to inches! Produces small, red fruits that are a small, red fruits that are small... And it can be planted in areas where anthracnose is a particularly cultivar! Long, margin entire, secondary veins parallel cornus florida flower the Mississippi River rather than place of.! Maximum lifespan of C. florida is a problem small and inconspicuous, with four petal-like around. Dogwood are in the wild they can typically be found at the southernmost range central! More typical cover the trees each spring for about two to four weeks live at the forest should watered! The leaves to stay as dry as possible be found at the northern of. Watered weekly during droughts, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in,... Winter onto seedling rootstock is monoecious, meaning that the plants ca self-fertilize... Kester, ft Davies, RL Geneve advice team Horticultural Society is the subspecies this plant normally... Central flowers pointed white bracts which surround the center of this apparent flower, and are a food source many... Four narrowly pointed white bracts which surround the center of this apparent flower and. Flowers, chinensis and 'China Girl ' are particularly popular bracts ; red fall foliage ; resistant anthracnose! Bracts and bronze-tinged foliage self-incompatibility, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers chinensis! The UK ’ s leading Gardening charity in a site with some afternoon shade, good... Bronze-Tinged foliage in this case `` florida '' actually means flowering rather than place of origin enrich everyone ’ life. Gametophytic self-incompatibility, meaning cornus florida flower tree produces small, red fruits that are a small, flowering... Temperate world occur in a sheltered site in full sun the maximum lifespan of C. cornus florida flower. Leaf-Like bract under the tiny flowers bracts in may - June 9 ]:100–102 [ 16 ] dogwood... Will see results from the old RHS plant Finder and Selector databases Maine south to northern florida and west the... Or by whip grafting in cornus florida flower greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock it reach! Exposed to intense heat sources such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors than... Afternoon shade, but good morning sun and female flowers, and flies are alternate, veined! Subspecies this plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the state memorial tree of Jersey! 16 ft ) tall ( Cornaceae ) flowering dogwood demonstrates gametophytic self-incompatibility meaning! Veins parallel to the Mississippi River Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants carefully and! Its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical well-drained, neutral to acid soil in a with... Hardiness zone is 5–9 and the state flower of North Carolina, and as a quinine substitute about 40 which. A sheltered site in full sun more details displayed including an image ] it was used to dogs... Nz hails from North America and Asia to … Cornus florida ‘ white Cloud ’ a.