Clothing: A Social History go back. Many European ladies stopped wearing jewellery and luxurious clothes. Thus clothes got lighter, shorter and simpler. Dr. Manishika Jain explains NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 8: Clothing A Social History Clothes shape the notions of grace, beauty, modesty and shame. Shivangi Gupta. Answer: French Revolution initiated a reform towards simple dresses which were without frills and which could be worn by the masses. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Chapter 8 - Clothing: A Social History [FREE]. All classes of women began to dress in similar ways. Such clothing restricted body growth and affected blood circulation. These rules were made to define the identity of people. They wore a working uniform. Thus we can say that changes in clothing reflect the changes within the social, political and economic spheres of a society, Socialism in Europe And The Russian Revolution. By the early 20th century, artificial fibers appeared. 7 ratings. People were urged to boycott British goods of all kinds and started their own industries for the manufacture of goods, such as match boxes and cigarettes. Class 9 History Notes Chapter 8 Clothing A Social History. The Swadeshi and Khadi: British political control of India had two important effects peasants grew cash crops and the British goods flooded the Indian markets, especially cotton. Changes in women’s clothing came about as a result of 2 world wars. Of the late 1870s, heavy, restrictive underclothes were no longer in use. Even the fabrics that people could use for clothing was governed by law. In 1905 partition of Bengal started Swedeshi Movement. Write a paragraph on what you feel about the sumptuary laws in France. Social barriers were removed as upper class women mixed with other classes. NCERT Books chapter-wise Solutions (Text & Videos) are accurate, easy-to-understand and most helpful in Homework & Exam Preparations. When he went to London to study Law as a boy of 19 in 1888, he cut off the tuft on his head and dressed in a Western suit. As the suffrage movement developed, many women began agitating for democratic rights and campaigning for dress reform. Clothing: A Social History NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 8 Extra Questions Question-1 Explain the reasons for the changes in clothing patterns and materials in the eighteenth century. From about 1294 to the time of the French Revolution in 1789, the people of France were expected to strictly follow the Sumptuary Laws. The end of Sumptuary Laws did not mean that everyone in European societies could now dress in the same way. The Indian Dress: Indians wanted to create a dress which could express the unity of the nation.But this did not fully succeed. During the Industrial Revolution, cotton clothes, became more accessible to a wider section of people. Mahatma Gandhi’s experiments with clothing summed up the changing attitude to dress in the Indian sub-continent. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. Page No: 178 Questions 1. Even the government issued orders in some cases ordering low caste Hindus to observe a strict code of conduct. Another such conflict related to the wearing of shoes. The effort was to restrict the growth to their bodies. Different classes developed their own culture of dress according to their earnings. 4.3. Wearing Khadi become a symbol of Nationalism. Get Clothing: A Social History, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Doctors explained the ill effects of tight clothes which affected the spine and long flowing gowns which were unhygienic. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 4712 times. CHAPTER 8: CLOTHING : A SOCIAL HISTORY. Gandhi cap became a symbol of defiance and a part of the nationalist uniform. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 14297 times. By the 20th century, a plain and. Also find all CBSE Chapter Notes, Books, Previous Year Question Paper with Solution, etc. Get Clothing: A Social History, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Wearing khadi also became a symbol of nationalism and a rejection of Western milPtnade cloth. Clothing styles were regulated by class, gender or status in the social hierarchy. The dhoti was adopted by him in 1921. Effect of Professionalism and Games All questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. In Travencore Shanar women refused the traditional dresses which caused a social stir. A lot of weavers and spinners were left without any work. This dirt could not be allowed into spaces that were clean, particularly when people in Indian homes sat on the ground. For convenience women took to cutting their hair short. All societies observe certain rules about wearing clothes. Experiment started over National Songs, National Flag, and National Dress. Thus, clothing played a key role in creating humble and obedient Victorian women. Western-style clothing was accepted by dalits, who were converted to Christianity. Description. Many wore western clothes without giving up Indian ones. Thus, clothes became plainer and simpler. But in 1830, Europeans were forbidden from wearing Indian clothes at official functions, so that the cultural identity of the white masters was not destroyed. He adopted this dress of the poorest Indian to identify himself as a common man. In 1820s, Shanar women under the influence of Christian missionaries began to wear tailored blouses like upper castes. These laws restricted the social behavior of the lower strata of the society and imposed restrictions upon their clothing, food, and entertainment. There was agitation against women’s clothes in Europe as well in America. Their muscles remain underdeveloped and spines got bent. Clothing styles were regulated by class, gender or status in the social hierarchy. By the late 19th century, as nationalist feelings emerged, India began preparing cultural symbol that would express the unity of the nation. The two headgears signified different things. Many changes were made possible in Britain due to the introduction of new materials and technologies. In 1862, Manockjec Cowasjee Entee, an assessor in the Surat Fouzdaree Adawlut, refused to take off his shoes in the court of sessions judge. Women were urged to throw away their silk saries, glass bangles and wear simple shell bangles. Here we have given Clothing: A Social History Class 9 History Chapter 8 Notes. From 1294-1789, Sumptuary Laws tried to control the socially inferior classes, from wearing certain clothes and consuming certain foods in France. Suggest reasons why women in nineteenth century India were obliged to continue wearing traditional Indian dress even when men switched over to the more convenient western clothing. He was restricted to enter into the courtroom and he sent a letter of protest to the Governor of Bombay. Members of the Jacobin club called themselves ‘sans-culottes’ meaning ‘without knee breeches’.They wore loose and comfortable clothes. From childhood, they grew up to believe that having a small waist was a womanly duly. However, these attempts at devising a pan-Indian style did not fully succeed. He decided, by the beginning of the 20th century, to wear a lungi and kurta (in Durban). In medieval Europe, … Murshidabad, Machilipatnam, and Surat which were important textile centers declined as demand decreased. On his return, he continued to wear Western suits topped with a turban. There were others who were convinced ’that Western culture would lead to a loss of traditional cultural identity. They were not allowed to use umbrellas, shoes or gold ornaments. In 1824-1828, Governor General Amherst ordered that Indians should take off their shoes as a sign of respect when they appeared before him. Whenever we study history, we study about the wars, politics and the condition of the people. Clothing : A Social History BY – Sahil Mhatre Class – IX D Introduction: Introduction Clothing and textiles have been enormously important throughout human history—so have their materials, production tools and techniques, cultural influences, and social significance. Cloth became a symbolic weapon against British rule. Mahatma Gandhi even experimented with various forms of clothing starting from the western form of dress to wearing it with a turban. These rules tried to regulate the lifestyles of the lower classes by regulating the amount and type of clothes they bought. Explain the reasons for the changes in clothing patterns and materials in the eighteenth century.Answer:(i)Before the age of democratic The Swadeshi Movement developed in reaction to this measure. Not all Indian could wear khadi as it was coarse and costly rather than mill-made cloth. New Times Despite its limitations, the experiment with Swadeshi gave Mahatma Gandhi important ideas about using cloth as a symbolic weapon against British rule. In the 1870s, Mrs Stanton of the National Woman Suffrage Association and Lucy Stone of the American Woman ‘ Suffrage Association campaigned for dress reform. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, CBSE NotesCBSE Notes Social ScienceNCERT Solutions Social Science. During the colonial period, there were significant changes in male and female clothing in India. Before the eighteenth-century Europe, most people dressed according to their regional codes. By the 1830s women in England began agitating for democratic rights. It was also due to the effort by Indians to fashion clothing styles that included an indigenous tradition and culture. Earlier, British officials had to follow Indian etiquette and remove their footwear in the courts of ruling kings or chiefs. This change was consequence of the influence of western . Clothing styles were regulated by class, gender or status in the social hierarchy. During the colonial period, there were significant changes in male and female clothing in India. Explain the reasons for the changes in clothing patterns and materials in the eighteenth century. Designing the National Dress Clothing And Notion Of Beauty History Chapter 8 Clothing: A Social History; Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science History. In different cultures, specific items of clothing often convey contrary meanings. Women pressed for dress reform. In 19th century, Indians reacted to Western style clothing in following three different ways. A woman from Maharashtra in 1928 wrote to Mahatma Gandhi in response of his call. This incident led many controversies. Nov 10, 2020 - Detailed Chapter Notes - Clothing : A Social History Class 9 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 9. Sumptuary Laws: Before the French Revolution people in France followed these laws. simple style came to reflect seriousness and professionalism. The caste system clearly defined what subordinates and dominant caste Hindus should wear, eat, etc. Women started to wear uniform in their work place. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler; Forest Society and Colonialism; Pastoralists in the Modern World; Peasants and Farmers; History and Sport: The Story of Cricket; Clothing: A Social History; Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions Learn the concepts of History Clothing: A Social History with Videos and Stories. Leather shoes and the dirt that stuck under it were seen as polluting. Societies observe rules, some of them are strict about the ways in which men, women and children should dress. They were large in volume and difficult to handle. From childhood, girls were tightly laced up and dressed in stays. Long skirts swept the grounds and collected dirt which caused illness. Political control of India helped the British in two ways. New styles like Brahmika saree were tried. Blue, white and red became popular colours of France, as they were a sign of the patriotic citizen. The growth of democratic ideals and industrial society changed the thinking and meaning of clothes for people. Styles of Clothing: Men and women dressed differently. People began accepting the ideas of reformers. He had a believe that khadi can erase all the religious and class difference between people. Caste Conflict and Dress Change But complaints were filed against them for dress change. Over the 19th century, ideas of women changed. The ideals of womanhood were believed by many women. Members of Jacobin clubs called themselves as ‘sans-culottes (without knee breeches). Changes in styles of clothing are thus linked up with shifts m cultural tastes and notions or ideas of beauty. In 19th century western style clothing was accepted by dalits, who were converted to Christianity. Doctors reported that many women were regularly complaining of acute weakness and fainted frequently. Other women, like Sarojini Naidu and Kamala Nehru, wore coloured saris with designs, instead of coarse, white homespun. Women of Gujarat, Kodagu, Kerala and Assam continue to wear different types of sari. Women mixed up upper class, lower class and social barriers and began to dress in similar ways. Email This BlogThis! The reforms in the dress also affected social status of women. In different cultures, specific items of clothing often convey contrary meaning. Therefore, unlike Mahatma’ Gandhi, other nationalists such as Babasaheb Ambedkar never gave up the Western-style suit. Though it hurt, this pain and suffering were accepted as normal for a woman. But not everyone accepted these ideals. Clothing: A Social History Class 9 Notes Social Science History Chapter 8 SST Pdf free download is part of Class 9 Social Science Notes for Quick Revision. Artificial fibres used in cloth made dresses even easier to maintain. The people started using styles and materials from other countries. IX History CHAPTER-8 CLOTHING_ A SOCIAL HISTORY CONCEPTS CONCEPTS: Before the democratic revolutions, most people dressed according to codes that were specified by their religion. But in the Western tradition, the hat to be removed before social superiors as a sign of respect. European ladies stopped wearing jewellery and luxurious clothes. Some sumptuary laws were passed to … If you have any query regarding Clothing: A Social History Class 9 History Chapter 8 Notes, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. This law lasted for 26 years and was very useful in building up to English woollen industry. Fig.5 – A sans-culottes family, 1793. Skirts became shorter and plainer. It took many years for Indians to enter courtroom wearing shoes. So, the chapkan (a long buttoned coat) was considered the most suitable dress for men. The Swadeshi Movement In 1855, slavery was abolished in Travancore and caste conflict emerged among upper castes and the Shanars. Law no longer barred people’s right to dress in the way they wished. out of practical necessity. It was men rather than women who accepted the new dress styles first.